Uganda is located in the eastern centre of Africa directly at the Equator. Winston Churchill called it "The perl of Africa" - a hint to the diverse and absolutely beautiful nature that welcomes its visitors.
Uganda offers a diverse flora. The savannah of East Africa changes over to the rain forest of Central Africa which has positive effects on the biodiversity of flora and fauna.
The Queen Elizabeth National Park is Uganda's most-visited National Park and was established in 1954. It is known for its wildlife, although many animals were killed in the Uganda-Tanzania War. Many species have recovered, including hippopotamuses, elephants, leopards, lions and chimpanzees; it is now home to 95 species of mammal and over 500 species of birds. The area around Ishasha in Rukungiri District is famous for its tree-climbing lions, whose males sport black manes, a feature unique to the lions in this area.
The park is also famous for its volcanic features, comprising volcanic cones and deep craters, many with crater lakes such as Lake Katwe, from which salt is extracted. The national park includes the Maramagambo Forest and borders Kigezi Game Reserve, Kyambura Game Reserve and Kibale National Park in Uganda, and the Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Ruwenzori Mountains National Park was established in 1991 and designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 because of its outstanding natural beauty. The park has glaciers, snowfields, waterfalls, and lakes and is one of Africa's most beautiful mountain areas.
It has many species that are endemic to the Albertine Rift system, and there are several endangered species in the park. It has a high diversity of plants and trees.The park is noted for its botany, which has been described as some of the most beautiful in the world. There are five distinct vegetation zones in the park, which change according to changes in altitude. The park has 89 species of birds, 15 species of butterfly, and four primate species. The park's wildlife varies with elevation, and its species include the forest elephant, chimpanzee, hyrax, black-and-white colobus, L'Hoest's monkeys, duiker, and Ruwenzori Turaco.
The park lies in north western Uganda, spreading inland from the shore of Lake Albert around the Victoria Nile. It is named for the Murchison Falls waterfall, itself named for a president of the Royal Geographical Society. Murchison Falls National Park is Uganda's largest national park. It measures approximately 3,840 square kilometres. Together with the adjacent Bugungu Wildlife Reserve and the Karuma Wildlife Reserve, the park is part of the 5,308 square kilometres Murchison Falls Conservation Area.
The park is bisected by the Victoria Nile from east to west for a distance of about 115 kilometres and is the location of the famous Murchison Falls, where the waters of the majestic Nile River squeeze through a narrow gorge, only 7 metres wide, before plunging 43 metres below.
In Murchison there are four of the "big five". Buffalos, elephants, lions, leopards are best to be seen in the northern part (above the Nile). Due to excessive hunting and poaching, Rhinos became extinct by 1983, but were re-introduced into Uganda in 2005 by Rhino Fund Uganda. White rhinos are now being bred again in the 7000 ha Ziwa Rhino Sanctuary, which is located 70 km south of the park; their mission is to reintroduce small herds of rhinos (around five at a time), whilst retaining a nucleus breeding herd in the sanctuary.