Mauritius is an island that has lots to offer and re-invents itself over and over again. With its natural beauty, the nice climate and the unique cultural mixture it is the perfect loacation for the journey of a lifetiime.
Different landscapes form the island and the beaches are absolutely beautiful. The people are tolerant and live a culture of friendship. Here you will find the biggest world religions living peacefully together, and guests are welcomed with absolute geniality.
The island of Mauritius is located on the southern hemisphere amidst the Indian Ocean, about 800 km east of Madagascar, 2000 km from the African south eastern coast and 4700 km south of Mumbai. Besides the bigger islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, the state also comprises some smaller islands inshore of Mauritius as well as the islands Agalega and St. Brandon which are situated farer away.
During its history, Mauritius was populated by people of different heritage. Hindus and Moslems, Africans, Europeans and Chinese settled there and brought their different languages and traditions. Today the island is a melting pot of different cultures, often described as the perfect model for a peaceful living together of religions.
Most of the Mauritians speak several languages. Besides the offical language being English, also French and Creole are common. Additionally there are the Indian languages Hindi and Bhojpuri.
Port Louis is located on the west coast and not only capital of Mauritius but also the commercial, administrative and cultural center of the island. Visiting Port Louis is a necessary highlight during journey to Mauritius.
Beau Bassin - Rose Hill
Located in the upland of Mauritius, Beau Bassin-Rose Hill is the second largest city on the island. Originally it was two cities that have now grown together and have formed a combined community in 1896. Mauritians normally speak of Rose Hill when talking about the whole city. It is more a business city and not known for its various places worth seeing. But it offers good possibilities to spend some money in the shopping centers or visit the fruit and clothes markets. Aside from the large tourist groups you have the opportunity to get to know the Mauritian people and benefit from the cheaper prices.
Mahébourg is the biggest city on the south eastern coast of Mauritius. The city gained a certain importance by its closeness to the airport of Plaisance (Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport), which is located about 6 km away and is the biggest employer of the city.
The island of Mauritius was unknown and uninhabited before its first recorded visit by Arab sailors during the Middle Ages who named it Dina Arobi. In 1507 Portuguese sailors visited the uninhabited island and established a visiting base. Diogo Fernandes Pereira, a Portuguese navigator is the first European to land in Mauritius. He names the island 'Ilha do Cirne'. France, which already controlled neighbouring Île Bourbon (now Réunion), took control of Mauritius in 1715 and renamed it Isle de France.
During the Napoleonic Wars, Mauritius became a base from which French corsairs organised successful raids on British commercial ships. The raids continued until 1810, when a Royal Navy expedition led by Commodore Josias Rowley, R.N., an Anglo-Irish aristocrat, was sent to capture the island. Despite winning the Battle of Grand Port, the only French naval victory over the British during these wars, the French surrendered to a British invasion at Cap Malheureux three months later. They formally surrendered on 3 December 1810, on terms allowing settlers to keep their land and property and to use the French language and law of France in criminal and civil matters.
Under British rule, the island's name reverted to Mauritius. The British administration, which began with Sir Robert Farquhar as Governor, was followed by rapid social and economic changes. Slavery was abolished in 1835. The planters received two million pounds sterling in compensation for the loss of their slaves who had been imported from Africa and Madagascar during the French occupation.
Mauritius was proclaimed a republic within the Commonwealth twenty four years after independence on 12 March 1992.
The Mauritian economy mainly exists from four sectors: Textile industry, sugar industry, tourism and services. Export of sugar has for a long time been the main source for foreign currencies but it has become less important over the years. The strong development of financial services as well as the broadening of the communication sector, computer science and using the sea resources (Seafood Hub) will be deciding impulses for the growth in the future.